# C# Arithmetic Operators Tutorial and Examples

C# defines the following arithmetoc operators:

Arithmetic Operator Meaning
- Subtract
* Multiplication
/ Division
% Modulus
++ Increment
-- Decrement

+,-,* and / all work as you would expect them to. They cab be used with any built-in numeric data type.
When the / is applied to integers, any remainder gets truncated e.g 9/4 results to 2.

To obtain the remainder of the division you use the modulus operator,%. This operator can also be called remainder operator. e.g 9 % 4 results to 1. The modulus operator can be used with both floating point and integer numbers.

EXAMPLE
\\c#
using System;

namespace ArithmeticApp
{
class Program
{
static void Main(string[] args)
{
Console.WriteLine("Addition : 9 + 4 = {0}", 9 + 4);
Console.WriteLine("Substraction : 9 - 4 = {0}", 9 - 4);
Console.WriteLine("Multiplication : 9 * 4 = {0}", 9 * 4);
Console.WriteLine("Division : 9 / 4 = {0}", 9 / 4);
Console.WriteLine("Modulus : 9 % 4 = {0}", 9 % 4);
}
}
}
RESULT
Addition : 9 + 4 = 13
Substraction : 9 - 4 = 5
Multiplication : 9 * 4 = 36
Division : 9 / 4 = 2
Modulus : 9 % 4 = 1
## [](#increment-and-decrement)Increment and Decrement

The ++ and the -- are the _increment_ and _decrement_ operators respectively.
The increment operator adds 1 to its operand while the decrement operator subtracts 1 from its operand.
For instance:
i = i + 1 is the same as i++.
And :
i = i - 1 is the same as i--.

The increment and decrement operators can either _prefix_ or _postfix_ the operand.
c#
i = i + 1</code></pre>
<p>can be written as
PREFIX
\&#x60;\&#x60;\&#x60;c#
++i;</p>
<pre><code>or
POSTFIX
c#
x++;

Clearly if we were to run the above example, there is no difference between the two forms of increment operators.
However, when these operators are used in part of a larger expression, there is a significant difference.
When these operators precede their operand, the result of the operation is the value of the operand after the increment/decrement.
If it follows their operand, the result of the operation is the value of the operand before the increment/decrement.

EXAMPLE
\\c#
using System;

namespace ArithmeticApp
{
class Program
{
static void Main(string[] args)
{
int a = 99,b =99,c = 99, d = 99;
Console.WriteLine("POST-INCREMENT = {0}", a++);
Console.WriteLine("PRE-INCREMENT = {0}", ++b);
Console.WriteLine("POST-DECREMENT = {0}", c--);
Console.WriteLine("PRE-DECREMENT = {0}", --d);
}
}
}
RESULT
POST-INCREMENT = 99
PRE-INCREMENT = 100
POST-DECREMENT = 99
PRE-DECREMENT = 98

So here's the deal:

*   a++ : First the value of a is retrieved. Then it's incremented. However, the original value of a is what is returned. In this case 99.
*   ++b : Fisrt the value of b is incremented. Then it's retrieved and returned. So in this case 1 is added to 99 then the result,100 is returned.
*   c++ : First the value of c is retrieved. Then it's decremented. However, the original value of c is what is returned. In this case 99.
*   d-- : Fisrt the value of d is decremented. Then it's retrieved and returned. So in this case 1 is subtracted from 99 then the result,98 is returned.